SARAS project updates
Some updates on the SARAS project. We are happy to contribute with our know-how to the project via ACMIT!
"In occasion of the 1st and the 2nd meeting held on the 5th September and the 18th October 2018 many progresses have been made at the Department of Computer Science in the University of Verona (Italy).
A small team of experts of the SARAS Consortium met in Verona to test Prostate’s phantom and the positioning of the SARAS arms with respect to the phantom and the da Vinci arms, together with Doctor Umberto Capitanio, Surgeon and Senior Researcher at the Renal cancer Unit of the Urological Research Institute at the IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele."
"The SARAS objectives can be categorised in two fields, each one articulated in different sub-points:
- Technical objective – Develop a cognitive autonomous system for solo surgery
- Design a perception module that, using the pre-operative information about the surgery and the data collected intra-operatively, will infer the status of the procedure and the actions performed by the surgeon teleoperating the da Vinci robotic arms (SOLO-SURGERY), or using standard laparoscopic tools (LAPARO2.0-SURGERY);
- Design a cognitive control module which will (1) predict the next steps of the procedure, (2) make decisions about the robot future actions and (3) send high-level commands to the autonomous SARAS arms to cooperate with the surgeon in tasks requiring coordination;
- Design a low-level multi-robot control architecture in which high-level commands will be mapped into commands for the SARAS assistive robotic arms;
- Development of the two robotic assistive arms, substituting the assistant surgeon, capable of handling off-the-shelf laparoscopic tools specific to the particular clinical procedure.
- Clinical objectives – Perform solo surgery in robotic MIS
- Translation of medical knowledge into an engineering formalism easy to be interpreted by the autonomous system;
- Enhancement of the da Vinci console by integrating multi-modal visual feedback to provide the surgeon with a better understanding of the status of the intervention and to add features to interact with the autonomous robot arms in a collaborative and cooperative fashion;
- Introduction of force/tactile feedback at the master console to provide the surgeon with a rendering of the interaction force between the laparoscopic tools they are teleoperating and the patient;
- Development of a new generation of disposable synthetic human abdomen and pelvic region models (i.e. phantoms) to validate the SARAS system in more realistic scenarios and to develop curricula for laparoscopic surgery protocols for the training of junior surgeons or for senior surgeons not expert in robotic MIS.